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Cecil Calvert, Second Lord Baltimore
—Lords Baltimore portraits,
Enoch Pratt Public Library


The Empty Century, 1609-1729


Abroad during these years the Taj Mahal is completed, John Milton writes Paradise Lost, and Pompeii is unearthed.

Baltimore's beginnings looked unpromising. Ironically, the Indian name for its river, Patapsco, meant a backwater. And the names [John] Smith and [David] Jones, discoverers of the site, lack glamour. Hereabouts tobacco planters tilled the land that originally Charles I had granted to the Calverts, Lords Baltimore, proprietors of Maryland.

 

 

 

1609
 Capt. John Smith explores the Inner Harbor and makes note of Federal Hill

1632
 King Charles I grants Maryland charter to Cecil Calvert, second Lord Baltimore

1634
 First Calvert settlers arrive, buy land from Indians and build Fort St. Mary's City.

1649
 Maryland legislators pass an act of religious toleration, permitting all forms of Christian worship.

1661
 Survey completed for David Jones of 380 acres along Jones Falls at present Front Street.

Shivers, Frank R., Jr. Walking in Baltimore: An Intimate Guide to the Old City. pp. 1-17. © 1995 The Johns Hopkins University Press. Reproduced with permission of The Johns Hopkins University Press


© 2012. Baltimore City Historical Society.